To understand and apply the active and passive voice

A sentence is written in active voice when the subject of the sentence performs the action in the sentence. e.g. The girl was washing the dog.

A sentence is written in passive voice when the subject of the sentence has an action done to it by someone or something else. e.g. The dog was being washed by the girl.

Look at the presentation (here is the Active-and-passive-voice link) to find out more and have a go at the exercises.

Main activity: write 5 sentences in the active then the passive
Miss Taverner lifted up the pencil (active)
The pencil was lifted up by Miss Taverner. (passive)

To understand and apply the subject and object of a sentence

What do you think the difference might be between the subject and the object of a sentence?

The man ate the cake.

The subject is usually the thing or person who is carrying out an action. The object is the thing or person that is involved in an action, but does not carry it out – it is having something done to it.

Read the file attached (click subject-and-object) and then have a go at the activity on the presentation.

Main Activity: Use the pairs of emojis in the linked presentation to write six sentences. The first emoji has to represent the subject, and the second has to represent the object of the sentence. For example:

subject                                                object
The cool kid of the class made a beautiful Valentine’s Day card.

To understand and apply relative pronouns

A relative pronoun is used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. You see them used every day with the most common relative pronouns being: who, which and that.

Read the presentation on relative clauses (click Relative-pronouns for the link) then :

Main Activity: Write a character description based on one of the minions characters on the slides.  Your character description needs to be about 6 sentences long and you have to include at least 4 relative pronouns.

To understand and apply modal verbs

Modal verbs

These are verbs that indicate likelihood, ability, permission or obligation.

Words like: can/could, may/might, will/would, shall/should and must.

“The Sea Monster should go away”

‘Should’ is the modal verb here as it indicates the likelihood of the Sea Monster going away.

Read more about modal verbs using this link.

Main activity: Write a short setting description based on the picture in the link. You need to include modal verbs in your setting description.

After 15 minutes, when your setting description is written, underline all your modal verbs (with a ruler, obviously).

Using expanded noun phrases – Friday 15th May

An expanded noun phrase gives more detail or information about a noun.  This is usualy done by adding adjectives to describe the noun, for example:

The dark, mysterious man

The man is the noun and we have added to this with two adjectives separated by commas.

We can also add a prepositional phrase to add further information about the noun:

The dark, mysterious man with the wooden walking stick

Both of the above are examples of expanded noun phrases.  Now, we can put them into a sentence by adding a verb, adverb and other grammatical elements, for example:

The dark, mysterious man with the wooden walking stick walked slowly across the road.

Activity: Now you try making sentences that include an expanded noun phrase.  Remember, you could simply add adjectives to the noun or include a prepositional phrase for extra information.  Click here for the task.  Good luck!