Introduction: Last week, we learned about inherited (comes from your parents) characteristics such as hair colour, eye colour, same features (e.g., nose, mouth, cheeks etc…) and environmental characteristics such as a scar, weight, where we live may influence the religion we follow, the language we speak etc…
Learning: With this in mind, let’s talk about adaptation. You read a text last week about adaptation, but it is important that we look at it further for today’s fun activity!
Living things are adapted to their habitats. This means that they have special features that help them to survive. It’s not just animals that are adapted to their environment, plants are too. A cactus is well adapted for survival in the desert. They have long roots to collect water from a large area and a stem that can store water for a long period of time.
The animals and plants in one habitat are suited to live there and may not be able to survive in other habitats. When a habitat changes, the animals and plants that live there are affected.
Watch: Adaptation in animals https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anRp7FQ9CKY
Watch: Types of Adaptation – stop at 3:37 to test yourself https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vnmPdHmRv9o
Activity: You will research a range of other animals of the same species (i.e. panda bear and polar bear) and compare their environments, variations (differences) and possible advantages of certain variations. Here is a suggested list of animals – otters, squirrels, bats, owl, deer, wild cats, bears
Choice on animal to research – You could lay out your work like this Extension: Variation game – You will have four habitat cards (i.e., desert, mountains etc..) and different animals and their variation. Which environment would the animal best survive in? Is there variation potentially positive or negative?
DOWNLOAD HERE —–> Variation Game