Dinosaurs!

How many of these dinosaurs can you name? Write them down!

Screenshot 2020-05-14 at 15.28.02

Watch this video to see how many you got correct: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rgAVhZ50aRI 

Do we see dinosaurs today? We do not see dinosaurs today because they are extinct. What does extinct mean?  What other animals have become extinct and which are endangered today?

-Extinction of a particular animal or plant species occurs when there are no more individuals of that species alive anywhere in the world – the species has died out.

-An endangered species is any type of plant or animal that is in danger of disappearing forever

Watch “Walking with Dinosaur”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7lBKBxIwGM 

Here is a dinosaur fact sheet incase you are really interested:  —-> Dinosaur Factsheet

Activity: See if you can match the dinosaurs to their timeline below. Complete a, b and c.

Screenshot 2020-05-14 at 15.38.35

Science – Fossil Baking

Over the past week, you have been reading some text around fossils and evolution. Fossils are more than just ancient bones, which is what many people think. Watch this video which explains fossils and evolution.

Today, you will create your own fossil. You can choose from three activities:

  1. Fossil Cookie Recipe
  2. Dinosaur Fossil Recipe
  3. Ferns have been around for over 350 million years and we can find many fossilised imprints of ferns. Collect various fern leaves (pictured below) and make your own fern imprints with paint.
    Clipart FERN LEAF Digital Resource. Digital | Etsy

If you don’t have the ingredients for number 1 or 2, please do not worry! Only complete the activity if your parents say that it is okay. If you do not have a toy dinosaur, why not try making a fossil with a leaf or twig? You can even carve your own insect into the dough!

Here is some more information on fossils for those of you that are really interested! (Optional): Fossil Fact Sheet

Science – Designing an Animal & Plant

1080+ | UHD | Animals Adapt Clipart Pack #4940 | 4570book

It is time to put your knowledge of adaptation to use! Today, you are going create your own animal and plant. In the comments, tell us about your animal and plant. Don’t forget to name it!

First, you must choose your landscape (desert, rainforest, mountains, dense forest, arctic). Download landscape information below.                                                                                                                                           Second you will choose one plant form (small plant, shrub, tree) and animal form (insect, bird, small mammal, reptile, large mammal, marine mammal, fish).                               Third you will choose certain adaptations for your plant and animal based on the landscape you chose. Download questions below to help you create your animal & plant.

DOWNLOAD HERE —-> Landscape Information

DWONLOAD HERE —–> Questions

You can rewatch the following videos to help you design your own animal and plant. 

Watch: Adaptation in animals https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anRp7FQ9CKY

Watch: Types of Adaptation – stop at 3:37 to test yourself https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vnmPdHmRv9o

Article about plant adaptation:

https://www.ck12.org/c/biology/plant-adaptations/lesson/Plant-Adaptations-BIO/ 

Science – Adaptation

Introduction: Last week, we learned about inherited (comes from your parents) characteristics such as hair colour, eye colour, same features (e.g., nose, mouth, cheeks etc…) and environmental characteristics such as a scar, weight, where we live may influence the religion we follow, the language we speak etc…

Learning: With this in mind, let’s talk about adaptation. You read a text last week about adaptation, but it is important that we look at it further for today’s fun activity!

Living things are adapted to their habitats. This means that they have special features that help them to survive. It’s not just animals that are adapted to their environment, plants are too. A cactus is well adapted for survival in the desert. They have long roots to collect water from a large area and a stem that can store water for a long period of time.

The animals and plants in one habitat are suited to live there and may not be able to survive in other habitats. When a habitat changes, the animals and plants that live there are affected.

Watch: Adaptation in animals https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anRp7FQ9CKY

Watch: Types of Adaptation – stop at 3:37 to test yourself https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vnmPdHmRv9o

Activity: You will research a range of other animals of the same species (i.e. panda bear and polar bear) and compare their environments, variations (differences) and possible advantages of certain variations.  Here is a suggested list of animals – otters, squirrels, bats, owl, deer, wild cats, bears

                  Choice on animal to research – You could lay out your work like this                              Screenshot 2020-04-24 at 16.47.06 Extension: Variation game – You will have four habitat cards (i.e., desert, mountains etc..) and different animals and their variation. Which environment would the animal best survive in? Is there variation potentially positive or negative?

DOWNLOAD HERE —–> Variation Game

Inheritance Detectives – Week 1

Welcome back! We hope you had some fun on your Easter break!

This term, we will be looking at fossils, animal and plant adaptation, inheritance and key scientists that contributed to these areas of science!

Before we start the activity, find a family photo and take a look at it. What is the same and different between you and your family members, e.g. hair colour, eye colour, same features (e.g., nose, mouth, cheeks etc…)? You’ve probably noticed that you might look like your parents. This is because you (and your siblings) inherit (come from your parents) key characteristics from them.

Watch this short video about inheritance:

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/topics/zvhhvcw/articles/zp9f4qt

Did you know?  Some characteristics are not inherited? Some of our characteristics come from the life choices we make and the way that we live, these are called environmental factors, such as:

  • Where we live might influence the language we speak, the religion we follow, the tone of our skin.
  • What we eat and the exercises we do might influence our weight and health conditions.

Inherited and environmental factors also happen with plants and animals! Look at these hydrangeas. Different types of soil (the environmental factor) affects the colour of the flowers.

Activity 1: You will complete a chart of your inherited characteristics. For example, if your eye colour is brown, which parent/parents did you inherit that colour from?  DOWNLOAD CHART —-> INHERITED CHARACTERISTICS CHART

Activity 2: You are going to sort some characteristics into inherited or environmental characteristics. For example, tanned skin from the sun. Is that inherited (from your parents) or environmental (from the sun). DOWNLOAD HERE —–>  INHERITED or ENVIRONMENTAL

 

The effects of mixing light colours!

Brief recap from last week! White light is comprised of all of the colours of the rainbow i.e. the light spectrum.

Introduction: You know how to make new colours by mixing paint or crayons. For example, you get green by mixing yellow and blue, or orange by mixing red and yellow. With paint, blue, yellow, and red are primary colours, which you can use to make other colours. However, the primary colours in white light are not the same as paint. Do this experiment to see!

Task 1: Click on the small icon in the top right-hand corner of the interactive box to make it larger. Answer the questions below! Have fun mixing the colours!

https://www.physicsclassroom.com/Physics-Interactives/Light-and-Color/RGB-Color-Addition/RGB-Color-Addition-Interactive

Answer these questions:

What happens when you mix red light with blue light?                                                       What happens when you mix red light with green light?                                                      What happens when you mix blue light with green light?                                                     What happens when you mix blue, red and green light?                                                          So, what are the primary colours of white light? Click to find the answer

Fun Extension! Use the same link above to complete! —> Click Here to Download <—

Example of the extension: If the extension asks you to find the colour of a “yellow school bus”, you play around with the colours below until you get the correct yellow. So this example shows: 100% red mixed with 78% yellow and 0% blue to make the yellow on a school bus. NOTE: Ask google (Google: Yellow School Bus) so you know what the colour should look like.

Screenshot 2020-03-30 at 11.00.11

Science: It’s a rainbow world

Investigate Bubbles – exploring colour

Here is a quick recap about lights:

  1. i) use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye
  2. ii) we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes

Today’s Learning: Recognise that white light can be split into 7 rainbow colours.

‘White light’ is made up of a range of colours and that it is these colours that influence the colour of an object that we see. So, for example, an object that appears red (e.g. a strawberry), absorbs all of the colours in white light, except red, which it reflects. It is this bit of reflected light that reaches our eyes and tells us what colour it is

Together watch the video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1cNoTy6USdA describing how different colours appear in soap bubbles. Complete the below experiment: https://www.exploratorium.edu/science_explorer/bub_dome.html see how you can see these colours for yourself.